Being the largest organ, the human skin can be affected by various disorders and diseases. Currently, there are hundreds of skin issues and they all display a variety of symptoms. Some are chronic while some are temporary. To understand this, outlined below is a review of the most common skin disorders.
What are Skin Disorders and Diseases?
Is your skin swollen, breaking out, has pimples, contains papules with pus, is itchy or simply acting weird? Well, if you experience any of this, then you are probably are suffering from a skin disorder or disease. Skin disorders and diseases are conditions that change the appearance of the skin and the way they function.
Most Common Skin Disorders
There are numerous types of skin disorders. Some exist in more than one form while others occur in cyclic flare-ups. Some of the disorders that are common and affect a huge number of the global population include:
Acne is one of the most common skin disorders globally. Acne is caused by blocked hair follicles which clog the oil glands and the skin pores. This skin disorder is usually prevalent on the face but it also appears on other parts of the body including the neck, chest, shoulders, and the back.
Types of Acne
Acne exists in more than one form. They all display different types of symptoms as well as the level of severity. Acne can occur on or beneath the skin. The most common types of acne include:
- Nodules: Painful lumps which are found below the skin surface.
- Pustules: Red pimples that contain pus on the tips.
- Papules: Raised red bumps
- Cysts: Pus-filled bumps that are large and painful. Cysts are normally found on the skin surface.
Acne treatment depends on the type and level of severity. Some of the commonly used treatment options include oral antibiotics, gels, and creams, hormonal contraceptive drugs among others.
Anti-Aging is normally occurs as a person grows old. Aging, as the name suggests happens because of an increase in age. Although it’s usually experienced by older persons, it might also happen to children who are still young due to certain medical conditions.
Causes of Anti-Aging
- Increase in age
It’s a progressive disease that usually occurs until you reach the end of your life. However, this condition can be controlled by the use of anti-ageing methods such as laser treatments, different anti-ageing discovery and eating lots of veggies and fruits. Additionally, avoid smoking and engage in intensive mental and physical activities nearly every day.
This a hereditary disease that’s caused by a disfigured gene. Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder that causes an excess buildup of the skin tissues. It leads to the development of thick and reddened skin tissue that’s covered with shiny or silvery scales. This skin disorder normally appears first on the knees and elbows. However, it can spread to other body parts including the trunk and limbs. There are certain forms of psoriasis which can affect the scalp, joints, and hands.
Types of Psoriasis
There are about six types of this skin disorder and they all have different treatment plans. Note that sometimes the symptoms of psoriasis may go away but then a new type will emerge as a response to the trigger. They include:
- Psoriatic arthritis
Psoriasis is a disorder that’s characterized by flare-ups. It’s normally treated with topical treatments which are rubbed on the skin surface that’s affected. Some of the best topical treatments for this disorder include:
- Creams which are steroid-based
- Salicylic acid
- Prescription retinoids
- Shampoos and coal-tar ointments
Besides the above-mentioned treatment options, psoriasis can be treated with photo therapy or light therapy. If you want to try home remedies, you can use dead sea salt, Aloe Vera gel, cayenne peppers, fish oil, and diet changes. Note that obese people who have psoriasis usually experienced improved symptoms once they start losing the extra weight.
It’s a bacterial infection that affects the deeper skin layers. This skin condition usually develops very quickly and easily spreads throughout the body. It causes a section of the skin to become red and swollen. Besides that, it may make the affected area hot and tender to touch. Although cellulitis is usually mild, when it’s severe it can be life-threatening.
The main risk factor for cellulitis is bacteria such as streptococcus and staphylococcus. Additionally, it may be caused by diabetes, use of IV drugs, weak immune system, and skin injuries such as surgical incisions, insect bites, and cuts.
This skin disorder is usually treated with antibiotics. The doctor can prescribe a 10-day or 21-day treatment regimen. Note that the length of treatment usually depends on the severity of cellulitis. Additionally, the doctor may also prescribe pain relievers.
This skin condition is characterized by oily and waxy patches that occur on the scalp. When seborrheic dermatitis affects babies, it’s known as cradle cap. The condition can be temporary or last for a long period of time. Note that Seborrheic dermatitis can start in childhood and grow into adulthood.
Seborrheic dermatitis can appear anywhere and it usually causes flare-ups. As a result, it makes the affected skin area to look greasy, swollen, and reddish. This skin condition can be caused by various factors which include genes, stress, cold and dry weather, yeast infections, or certain medical diseases and drugs.
Although seborrheic dermatitis usually occurs on the scalp, it may also affect certain body parts including the buttocks, chest area, around the navel, around the groin, skin folds such as those found on the legs and underarms, below the breasts among others.
This skin condition sometimes clears itself. However, if it’s a lifelong problem that may be continually clear and flare-up. Adults who have this skin condition can use dandruff shampoo purchased over-the-counter. An effective shampoo should have:
- Salicylic acid
- Zinc pyrithione
- Coal tar
- Selenium sulfide
However, if the seborrheic dermatitis is severe, the doctor may prescribe other treatment options which include:
- Corticosteroid lotions
- Sulfur products
- Antifungal products
- Medicated shampoos
Note that this skin condition can sometimes be very painful. In case of a severe flare-up, you will notice, red and swollen patches which have pus. If you experience this, seek medical attention as soon as you can.
This skin condition is prevalent in young children and infants. However, it can sometimes continue up to adulthood. Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis and it normally makes the skin itchy and red. Note that atopic dermatitis is a chronic disease that may occur periodically. It may sometimes be accompanied by hay fever and asthma.
Eczema is characterized by dry skin, cracked and scaly skin, red or brown patches on eyelids, elbows, knees, feet, upper chest, wrists, and ankles among others. Additionally, it may also make the skin swollen and dry. This skin condition is caused by a defected gene which alters the skin’s ability to offer protection. As a result, the skin ends up becoming susceptible to environmental factors such as allergens and irritants.
Treatment of this disease depends on its severity. It involves avoiding harsh soaps and other irritants. Itching can be eased by creams, lotions, and other ointments. Additionally, the doctor may prescribe medications such as:
- Topical antiseptic
Besides those, an eczema patient may use self-care techniques such as moisturizers, coal-tar extract, barrier creams among others.
How to Prevent Skin Disorders and Diseases
To ensure that your skin is healthy and glowing, you need to have a good skincare routine. Even if you can’t purchase expensive skin care products, you can use the available basics to pamper and maintain your skin.
- Avoid exposing your skin to harsh sun rays. Although the sun rays provide the skin with vitamin D that’s important for healthy growth, extreme exposure can lead to skin conditions such as age spots and wrinkles
- Use anti-ageing treatment options such as gels, creams, and sunscreen
- Avoid smoking
- Regularly and gently treat your skin by using mild soaps, moisturizers, and limiting bath time.
- Your diet needs to be healthy and full of vegetables and fruits
- Avoid stress and get enough sleep
There is a big array of skin conditions that affect human beings of all ages. However, there are various treatment options which can be used to treat or cure these disorders. If you are facing any skin issue, it’s important to seek the assistance of a dermatologist. This way, you will be able to get the right treatment and medical advice.